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March 12 Toronto After only a few […]




March 12 Toronto After only a few hours of deliberation, an Ontario Supreme Court jury found Saul David Betesh and Robert Wayne Kribs guilty of first-degree murder, and Josef Woods guilty of second-degree murder, in the slaying of Emanuel Jaques. Werner Gruener was acquitted. On March 22, 1978, Justice Anthony Maloney sentenced Betesh, Kribs, and Woods to life in prison. Betesh and Kribs were not eligible for parole for twenty-five years; the trial jury recommended that Woods be eligible for parole after ten years, but Judge Maloney raised this to eighteen years. The men were sent to Kingston penitentiary where they served their sentences in a protective isolation unit. During his sentencing remarks, Maloney wondered aloud how common pedophilia was among homosexuals and questioned whether, in light of this case, homosexuals deserved protection from discrimination in the Ontario Human Rights Code. His remarks sparked outrage in Toronto's gay community. The Crown later attempted to appeal the acquittal of Gruener, as well as Woods's reduced charge, based on Justice Maloney's charge to the jury. (See also August 24, 1979.)

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August 4–5 Toronto Gay activists […]February 15 Toronto Robert Wayne […]February 8 Toronto The trial of Saul […]

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Kingston PenitentaryToronto

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Werner GruenerAnthony MaloneyWerner GruenerEmanuel JaquesJosef Paul WoodsRobert Wayne KribsSaul Betesh

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Government of CanadaSupreme Court of Ontario

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Ontario Human Rights Code

All Citations

"Trials," Gay Rising, 15 April 1978, p. (2)."Sex-killers 'Targets' in Jail," Montreal Star, final ed., 15 March 1978, p. H13Jane O'Hara, "Killers Get Life for 'Heinous Crime': Death of a Shoeshine Boy," Toronto Sun, final ed., 23 March 1978, p. 4"Kribs Doubts He'll Survive Jail Term," Toronto Sun, final ed., 23 March 1978, p. 5Ted Kerr, "Some MPs Say: Hang Em," Toronto Sun, final ed., 23 March 1978, p. 4"Judge's Remarks Called Shocking," Toronto Star, all star ed., 22 March 1978, pp. 1–2Claire Hoy, "Is Jaques Case Being Bungled?" (column), Toronto Sun, 15 March 1978, p. 26Robin Hardy, "Judge Slams Gays in Jaques Verdict," Body Politic, no. 42 (1978), p. 4"Gruener Acquittal Appealed over Charge to the Jury," Toronto Star, Saturday ed., 8 April 1978, pp. A1–A2John Cosway, "Emanuel's Sister: 'I Want Them to Die,'" Toronto Sun, final ed., 23 March 1978, p. 4Christie Blatchford, "'Truly Hideous' Crime Jaques Killers Get Life," Toronto Star, all star ed., 22 March 1978, pp. 1–2Christie Blatchford, "Jaques Trial Enters Final Stage Today," Toronto Star, four star ed., 10 March 1978, p. A3"Betesh Transferred to Protective Unit," Globe and Mail, metro ed., 24 April 1978, p. 13